Drink Tea for Healthy Bones
The early 21st Century has arguably brought about some of the greatest leaps in science and medicine in all of human history. We are now living in a time where life expectancy has risen dramatically in the last few decades and the prospect of an ever-growing aging population is very serious in today’s society, this article goes into detail of why drinking tea for healthy bones is affective in many cases.
Whilst this allows many individuals to live a long and full life, issues such as osteoporosis are still present with a rapid increase in condition-related incidents occurring in the UK yearly. Hip fracture in particular, is one of the most serious complications of osteoporosis, with an estimated 4.5 million hip fractures expected by 2050.
So what can we do to combat these everyday issues? The potential influence factors for hip fractures include daily calcium intake, physical activity level, body mass index (BMI,) smoking, and alcohol consumption. With many of these issues having self-explanatory solutions, it would initially seem that the average person was limited in their options outside of the nationally accepted standards of living. This however, is before the recently emerging studies that the consumption of tea might have positive effects with bone health.
As recently as 2014, observational studies have been carried out internationally in an attempt to recognise tea and/or coffee as beneficial to those suffering from osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta (brittle bones) and the average individual with generally poor bone health. Whilst the results for coffee have generally proven to be inconsistent in association with bone health, green tea consumption is still widely believed to have positive effects.
In the past, it was thought that certain constituents found in green tea, such as caffeine and fluoride might in fact have a negative effect on bones, but research conducted in the past decade has largely discredited that theory. In fact, findings from a meta-analysis of 14 recent studies, including 195,992 individuals and 9,958 cases of hip fracture found that drinking 1-4 cups of green tea per day reduced the risk of hip fracture by at least 28%. With 1-2 cups daily, the risk was reduced by 28% whilst further cups of tea had the potential to reduce the risk by around 37%, depending on how many additional cups of tea were consumed. The studies also suggested that older women drinking 1-4 cups of tea had improved bone density compared to women who were non-tea drinkers. Further to these results, the majority of the UK population enjoys their cup of tea with the inclusion of milk; known for being a great source of calcium. This additional perk has the potential to provide 21% of an adult’s daily calcium requirements and thus aiding to the strengthening of bones.
Whilst studies are ongoing with many areas still awaiting thorough research, it would presently appear that drinking tea can offer an additional opportunity to combat the rise in poor bone health cases.