Excited to start Bonfire night off with a bang? Perhaps you wish to explore the wonders of Gunpowder Tea and all it has to offer? Either way, you needn’t look any further. Gunpowder Tea delivers mouth watering flavours and astounding health benefits, two qualities perfect for autumn.

It has been made and enjoyed for well over a thousand years and presently continues to increase in popularity at a rapid rate. However, a great mystery surrounds its origins, from its overall history to the very name it has long since been known by.

So why, after centuries upon centuries of consumption, has this Tea once again risen to fame; and why, despite its worldwide acclaim, is there still so little knowledge on this genuinely wonderful brew?

What is Gunpowder Tea

What is Gunpowder Tea?

There is no mistaking Chinese Gunpowder Tea when it comes to its unique and somewhat strange appearance before brewing. For its creation, producers use Tea leaves and young buds, which are rolled into small, round pellets resembling the lead shots used in early muskets. Could this be how it got its name? Maybe, but no one knows for sure.

In China, Gunpowder Tea is known as “zhū chá”, which means “Pearl Tea” or “Bead Tea”. Its English name allegedly derives from an English port clerk who once described how the Tea’s pre-brewed appearance quite literally looked like gunpowder.

There are, however, other lesser-known theories associated with the Tea’s name such as it stemming from the Mandarin Chinese phrase “freshly brewed”. Spoken in its correct dialect, the phrase “freshly brewed” sounds like the English word “gunpowder”.

Finally, there is the suggestion that Gunpowder Tea owes its name to the ‘crackling’ sound it makes upon brewing, similar to the ‘crack’ of a musket. Whether there is truth behind any of these tales is a subject of considerable debate. However, the name has been left unchanged for centuries despite the great shroud of mystery that still, to this day, surrounds it!


History of Gunpowder Tea

History of Gunpowder Tea

Historians mostly agree that this beverage first originated from the Zhejiang province of China during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE). To this day, the Zhejiang province remains one of the most important Chinese provinces for Gunpowder Tea production.

Other provinces known for producing Gunpowder Tea include Guangdong, Anhui, Hunan, and Fujian.

During the time of its conception, the intricate processing method used to make Gunpowder Tea would have been traditionally conducted by hand. Nowadays, specially-designed machines are often utilised to keep up with the ever-growing demand.

The main exception to this rule is usually when one creates higher grade Gunpowder Tea such as The Kent and Sussex Tea and Coffee Company’s very own

What is Formosa Gunpowder Tea?

What is Formosa Gunpowder Tea?

While this Tea originated from China, its production has since become closely tied with the Tea trade in Taiwan. Historians estimate that Taiwan has been inhabited for at least 5,000 years, coinciding with the time of Tea’s first discovery; however, Taiwanese Tea, in particular, is a relatively new invention.

It was during the 14th Century that Portuguese sailors first laid eyes on the enchanting landscape that today constitutes Taiwan, dubbing it “Formosa”, meaning “beautiful island”.

Located just over 100 miles from the Southeastern coast of mainland China and 370 miles from Japan’s Okinawa, Gunpowder Tea was first introduced to Taiwan in the mid-19th Century while the island was under the rule of the Chinese Qing Dynasty (1644-1912 CE).

This was due to the British Tea merchant and entrepreneur, John Dodd (1839-1907), who in the 1860’s, helped instigate the transport of Tea bushes from the Chinese Fujian Province.

Dodd, with the assistance of a Fujian merchant called Li Chunsheng, together managed to persuade local farmers to increase cultivation of Tea by providing much-needed financial support. Soon after, plantations and factories started appearing in and around the Formosan capital of Taipei. Oolong was an especially popular Tea produced in Formosa at the time, soon followed by now-world-renowned Formosa Gunpowder Tea.

The Tea movement in Formosa during the late 1800’s also coincided with mass-immigration from China’s eastern mainland provinces. These immigrants came equipped with centuries of Tea-producing skills passed down through generations. Following the Qing dynasty’s defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895), Taiwan was formally ceded in full sovereignty to the Empire of Japan.

Under Imperialist Japanese rule, further industrialisation of Taiwan saw many family Tea gardens converted into mechanised factory farms. The Japanese also introduced Tea Institutes and even offered training to aspiring Tea masters, as well as endorsing Black Tea production. Gunpowder Tea, meanwhile, maintained a modest output during this relatively brief conquest. The end of the Second World War saw China reclaim Taiwan, which subsequently led to the Chinese reorienting the island’s Tea industry towards Green Tea production.

Today, the tropical and subtropical climates of Taiwan remain perfect Tea-growing conditions, with the Taiwanese variety known as Formosa Gunpowder being widely considered a better quality brew compared with its mainland Chinese counterparts. This reasonably modern blend is still created using the same Chinese processing method of first withering, then steaming, followed by rolling and drying the Tea leaves. Gunpowder Formosa Green Tea has a lighter taste than that of many Chinese Gunpowder beverages and often consists of slightly smoky notes.

Moroccan Mint Tea and Gunpowder Tea?

Moroccan Mint Tea and Gunpowder Tea?

Recognised as the National drink of Morocco, Moroccan Mint Tea (also known as “Maghrebi mint Tea”, “Sahrawi mint Tea” and “Touareg”) is a delightful combination of Chinese Gunpowder Green Tea with either peppermint or spearmint.

It is deeply embedded in Moroccan tradition and culture and is likewise famous in many other North African and Arabian countries, as well as Spain and even France.

Many historians believe that Gunpowder Tea was first introduced to Morocco during either the late 17th Century or early 18th Century. One story refers to the British monarch, Queen Anne, who to ensure the release of captured British subjects in Morocco, sent a batch of Green Tea leaves to Sultan Moulay Ismail.

It is uncertain whether there is any truth behind this tale, but before this period, Moroccans enjoyed Herbal Teas made from sage, wormwood and, of course, mint! As such, it seemed as if it was only a matter of time before these two beautiful ingredients would collide!

Traditionally, the consumption of Moroccan Mint Tea signifies hospitality and affection. If you are fortunate enough to be invited into the home of a Moroccan, you will most likely be offered a glass (or three) of Moroccan Mint Tea. Before a guest is presented with Moroccan Mint Tea, however, an almost ritualistic Tea-preparing ‘ceremony’ must take place.

Concerning the timely process required in making this Tea, Moroccan hosts adhere to the saying “Insha Allah”, which in the context of Moroccan Mint Tea creation, essentially means “with God willing” all good things will come with time.

Passed down through generations, the art of creating this intriguing Moroccan beverage is typically conducted by the male ‘head of the family’. However, in this day and age, it is not uncommon for a woman to lead the ceremony instead. Aside from the ingredients, beautifully-crafted and specially-designed Moroccan Teaware is vital to uphold tradition. This includes either a tin, brass, aluminium or silver Teapot with an intricately made ‘handle cover’ to isolate the heat when pouring.

These are typically designed and crafted by local artisans, and depending on the household’s social rank, Teapots may also be plated with gold or bear gold motifs and decorations. There should also be several similarly ornate Tea glasses and a tray made from the same material as the Teapot.

To begin the ceremony, the host must first rinse the Teapots with boiling water before adding the Tea leaves and mint to the pot. Sugar is often added to cater to the Moroccan sweet tooth, followed by more boiling water for infusion. This should be left to steep for a few minutes and then stirred. Once you, the guest, has been made to feel comfortable, the host will return from the kitchen carrying the tray adorned with the long-spouted Teapot and several drinking glasses.

The next step takes impeccable precision as the host proceeds to pour the Moroccan Mint Tea into the empty glasses from a height of at least 12 inches. This indicates sublime experience in the art, and should likewise create a thin layer of foam on the surface. If no foam is present, the host will usually make a second attempt with a fresh batch of Tea.

Finally, the time has come to enjoy your delicious, nourishing beverage with the company of new friends. Be sure not to refuse this humble invitation as it is considered very impolite, and you will likely not be invited in again. Today, Morocco is one of the largest importers of Chinese Green Tea in the world, predominantly Gunpowder Tea for its use in this mouthwatering brew!

Benefits of Gunpowder Tea

Benefits of Gunpowder Tea

Like many other types of Tea, including Earl Grey and Lapsang Souchong, Gunpowder Tea has suffered from very little historical documentation over many centuries. A great deal of speculation surrounds this brew’s origins, with very little credible information to be found on the internet outside of conjecture. One thing we do know, however, is that including this beverage in your healthy diet may be one of the best decisions you ever make.

Gunpowder Green Tea, like all other types of Green Tea, is jam-packed with antioxidants. It is rich in particular antioxidant compounds known as polyphenols - specifically polyphenolic catechins. These catechins can be further sub-categorised, with the most vital compound being that of Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG).

Not only does this antioxidant have the ability to combat free radicals found in the body, but likewise provides the Tea with its characteristic colour and flavour. Gunpowder Black Tea, meanwhile, contains antioxidant compounds such as theaflavin and thearubigin. Although believed to be less substantial in their health-promoting properties compared with that of Gunpowder Green Tea, these constituents still have the capability of relieving oxidative stress in the body.

And this is just the beginning. Gunpowder Green Tea now has the backing of much of modern science owing to a multitude of research studies. Its frequent consumption alongside a healthy and active lifestyle can offer you all the same incredible benefits as any other Green Tea variety.

This includes improved cardiovascular health, a reduced risk of diabetes, and perhaps most impressively, excellent weight management! It should be noted, however, that no two people will experience the same effects from frequent consumption, as many dietary and fitness-related factors must be accounted for in order to receive this brew’s full potential.

It likewise depends on whether you choose Gunpowder Green Tea, Gunpowder Black Tea, or even Gunpowder Oolong Tea as to which benefits you receive and, specifically, how. The Kent and Sussex Tea and Coffee Company have compiled some of the latest information surrounding Gunpowder Tea health benefits below:

Improved Cardiovascular Health

Improved Cardiovascular Health

Reduced levels of nitric oxide (NO) in the endothelium lining of blood vessels is one of the leading causes of atherosclerosis, a chronic disease related to cardiovascular health.

Flavonoids found in Gunpowder Green Tea, meanwhile, are believed to improve endothelial function and flow-mediated dilation (FMD). This is because this Green Tea type improves bioactivity of the endothelium-derived vasodilator, (“vasodilation” refers to the widening of blood vessels) nitric oxide, by enhancing its synthesis, according to a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

The many different forms of cardiovascular disease likewise contribute to oxidative stress, which in turn, disrupts the balance between NO and reactive oxygen. As stated previously, this beverage can combat this stress through its work in neutralising free radicals.

However, it should be recognised that recent evidence has indicated that 10% of global deaths are due to dietary risk factors and physical inactivity. The frequent consumption of Gunpowder Green Tea has minimal effects without taking these factors into account.

Improved Cognitive Function with Gunpowder Tea

Improved Cognitive Function

Studies regarding this particular health benefit have mainly been conducted on so-called ‘regular’ Black Tea blends; however, the frequent consumption of Gunpowder Black Tea still very much correlates with improved cognitive function. Many believe that drinking just two to three cups of any Black Tea variety (including, of course, Gunpowder Black Tea) a day may reduce the risks of exhibiting the early signs of dementia or Alzheimer’s Disease.

In Great Britain, an estimated 750,000 people suffer from these conditions every day, but with 168 million cups of Black Tea consumed in the UK on a daily basis, there may be a new, potential solution, according to new research conducted by the University of Singapore.

In this latest study, 2,500 people aged 55 or over underwent a test to measure their cognitive function. When the experiment was repeated two years later, researchers discovered that those who drunk the most Black Tea were least likely to suffer from cognitive decline. Statistics established that drinking 2-3 cups of Black Tea a day reduced the risks by 55%, while those who consumed six to ten cups a day were 63% less likely.

What about Gunpowder Green Tea? No studies exist when it comes to this Tea type, in particular - though other research projects have studied Green Tea as a whole.

In one new study conducted at the University of Basel, Switzerland, Prof. Stefan Borgwardt from the Psychiatric University Clinics found that extracts of Green Tea increase the brain’s effective connectivity, meaning the causal influence that one brain area exerts over another.

The effect of this connectivity also led to cognitive improvement as proven by the volunteers who, after consuming the extract, tested significantly better for memory tasks.

Immune System Health 

Immune System Health 

Feeling a little ‘under the weather’? Consider drinking Gunpowder Green Tea alongside your other cold and flu remedies. Studies have long established that this beverage can relieve symptoms associated with the common cold and influenza, as well as ward off the minor illnesses in the first place.

A 2007 study published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition saw participants split into two groups. The first group consumed Green Tea capsules, while the second group received a placebo.

Both groups were instructed to take either their Green Tea capsules or the placebo twice daily for three months. The results determined that the Green Tea capsule group was 32% less likely to experience symptoms of cold or flu, while levels of illness-fighting gamma-delta T cells were also higher compared to the placebo group.

Improved Oral Health

Improved Oral Health

Much to the surprise of many, Gunpowder Black Tea may help in maintaining that healthy teeth you are so proud of. This is due to a fascinating collaborative study conducted in conjunction with the College of Dentistry at the University of Iowa, USA, and the Institute of Odontology at Göteborg University in Sweden.

The American division of the study, led by professor Christine Wu of the University of Illinois, saw participants given Black Tea to rinse their mouth with for 30 seconds, five times, and waiting three minutes between each rinse. This concept was used to simulate the effect of sipping the average cup of Tea.

The Swedish division of the study, meanwhile, saw test subjects rinse their mouth with Black Tea for one minute, ten times a day. Both co-operating studies discovered that the more participants rinsed, the more their plaque and bacteria levels fell.

This is because the Polyphenolic compounds present in Black Tea can kill or suppress cavity-causing bacteria from either growing or producing acid. The Tea also affected the bacterial enzymes and prevented the formation of the sticky-like material that binds plaque to teeth.

Gunpowder Green Tea, on the other hand, could also offer similar qualities. One particular study conducted at the University of Fukuoka, Japan, led by Dr Yoshihiro Shimazaki, saw male participants aged between 49 and 59 examined on three indicators of periodontal disease: periodontal pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL) of gum tissue, and bleeding on probing (BOP) of the gum tissue.

Researchers, including Dr Shimazaki, noted that for every one cup of Green Tea consumed per day, there was a decrease in all three indicators, therefore signifying a lower instance of periodontal disease in those subjects who drank Green Tea on a regular basis.

The reason for this dramatic improvement in oral health is credited to EGCG, which, according to previous research, can reduce inflammation in the body. By interfering with the body's inflammatory response to periodontal bacteria, Green Tea may actually help promote periodontal health and ward off further disease.

Weight Loss

Weight Loss

Once again, Gunpowder Green Tea’s high concentration in the incredible antioxidant, EGCG, holds centre stage this time, helping you to reach that much-desired weight loss goal.

Epigallocatechin Gallate is known to have a powerful and positive effect on the body through its stimulating effect on the metabolism. Every time you eat, enzymes in the body’s cells break down food and turn it into energy. Broadly speaking, the metabolism is essentially the process of food-energy conversion.

Ultimately, the faster your metabolism runs, the more calories you will burn. And the more calories you burn, the easier it is to drop those pesky pounds. This is where Gunpowder Green Loose Tea comes into play, providing, once again, it is consumed as part of a healthy and active lifestyle. As Gunpowder Tea stimulates the metabolism, your body is able to burn fat quicker and more efficiently.

It’s also worth noting that this Tea is remarkably low in calories, making it an excellent alternative to sugary beverages such as soft drinks. Most types of Green Tea, including this one, contain no more than two calories per 200 ml serving; that is less than wine (160 kcals), beer (180 kcals) and cider (220 kcals). It also contains fewer calories than other healthy consumables such as bananas (105 calories), kiwis (93 kcals), plums (91 kcals) and even a small apple (52 kcals).

But what does this honestly mean? Ultimately, it means that this brew can help you lose weight in not one, but two ways!

Moroccan Mint Health Benefits

Moroccan Mint Health Benefits

As if Gunpowder Tea leaves alone weren't enough, the addition of peppermint leaves in Moroccan Mint Tea ensures that its outstanding anti-inflammatory properties are almost unmatched. This, in turn, can help with many common ailments, including digestive health.

In a study published in the January 2004 issue of ‘Digestion’, test subjects suffering from an upset stomach were given peppermint extract for four weeks. Following this trial period, participants had a significantly reduced risk of gastrointestinal issues by an astounding 43%.

In another study from 2010 published in ‘Digestive Diseases and Sciences’, 90 patients who suffered from Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) were split into two groups.

The first group was given a peppermint remedy in the form of an enteric-coated peppermint capsule three times per day for eight weeks. The second group, meanwhile, was given a placebo in the same quantity for the same period. The results determined that many of the test subjects, after the eight week period, showed less abdominal pain, and at least 14 participants found themselves completely free of any abdominal pain associated with IBS.

Reduced Risk of Type II Diabetes

Reduced Risk of Type II Diabetes

In the United States alone, 29.1 million people suffer from diabetes. Globally, 85-90% of all diabetes sufferers have Type II Diabetes.

Blood glucose levels are regulated by the hormone known as insulin, but in those who have Type II Diabetes, the pancreas, which is the large gland in the body that produces this hormone, is unable to function at full capacity. This means that insulin levels are too low, which in turn, means glucose levels are too high.

Ultimately, when glucose builds up in the blood instead of being converted into energy, this can potentially cause significant damage to multiple areas in the body.

Also, since cells aren’t getting the glucose they need, their functionality decreases. The risks of developing Type II Diabetes are greatly increased when associated with lifestyle factors such as high blood pressure, obesity, insufficient physical activity, and poor diet. Providing one considers these factors and makes changes where necessary, Gunpowder Green Tea can aid in reducing the risks of developing type-2 diabetes.

One 2006 Japanese Study demonstrated that people who consumed up to 6 cups of any Green Tea variety a day were 33% less likely to develop Type II Diabetes.

Gunpowder and Stress Relief

Stress Relief

Stress is felt by an estimated 75% of populations in the UK, US, Canada, Australia, France, Germany, and South Korea, according to one recent poll. Stress can not only affect our mental well-being, but likewise our physical health. When left unattended, stress can negatively impact your immunity, as well as your sleeping patterns, sex drive, and digestive system health.

All Gunpowder Tea varieties, including Black, Green and Oolong, can offer a much-needed boost in these fast-paced and often turbulent societies we all live in. An amino acid known as L-theanine, which can be found in any Tea made from the Camellia Sinensis (Tea) plant, has been proven to promote alpha brain waves. These brain waves can relax your mind and, in turn, your body without causing drowsiness.

A 2009 study conducted by Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine showed that the frequent consumption of Green Tea, in particular, reduced psychological stress by as much as 20%. All of this is aside from the fact that there is just nothing better than sitting back with a nice, hot cup of Gunpowder Tea at the end of your day to calm your mind, body, and spirit - even without the science!

Types of Gunpowder Tea

Types of Gunpowder Tea

The Kent and Sussex Tea and Coffee Company stock six types of unflavoured Gunpowder Tea and one flavoured Gunpowder Tea (Moroccan Mint). Each one is as delicious as the last, though each also has its own unique qualities, meaning one should know the difference between them

Gunpowder Green Tea

Gunpowder Green Tea

This is our “house” Gunpowder Green Tea, boasting unmistakably traditional flavours and aromas best-suited to those who like to keep things simple. It originates from the Zhejiang province, the home of Gunpowder Tea, and makes for an excellent introduction into the world of these remarkable brews.

Should you wish to make your own Moroccan Mint Tea with your own peppermint leaves, then this Tea likewise makes a great base ingredient to get you started. Whether you wish to enjoy it as a standalone Tea or with tasty additions, you’d be hard-pressed to find a better brew!

Gunpowder Temple of Heaven Tea

Gunpowder Temple of Heaven Tea

Once you have familiarised yourself with our House Tea, we recommend moving on to our Gunpowder Temple of Heaven Tea, an infusion with a softer aroma than standard grades of this type of Tea. It offers delicacy on the palate without sacrificing on its distinct, irresistible flavour.

Additionally, Gunpowder Temple of Heaven Tea can be drunk throughout the day and brewed a second time for a more gentle taste, with up to 85% of its caffeine removed. That choice, however, is yours entirely.

Gunpowder Organic Green Tea

Gunpowder Organic Green Tea

Want to do your bit for the environment? Choose Gunpowder Organic Green Tea, because small changes make a big difference. This particular Tea, like all Organic Teas, is produced using controlled bio-cultivation methods.

It is free from synthetic fertilisers, herbicides and pesticides which ultimately sustains the health of soils and ecosystems while combining tradition and scientific innovation to benefit the environment. What more could you possibly want from your morning cup of Tea?

Gunpowder Formosa Green Tea

Gunpowder Formosa Green Tea

Travelling across the Taiwan Strait, we have our Gunpowder Formosa Green Tea, grown at altitudes between 1,500 and 2,500 feet and produced with quality and consistency solely in mind. Nothing beats this brew in terms of flavour and aroma, with defined yet mellow smokey notes and grassy undertones being its crowning glory.

While some may choose to add lemon or honey, we recommend it served without such accompaniments so one can appreciate its excellent profile.

Gunpowder Pinhead Green Tea

Gunpowder Pinhead Green Tea

Not to be mistaken with the American punk rock band, Pinhead Gunpowder, this Tea returns us to mainland China. But don’t be fooled into thinking it’s the same as others; in fact, our Gunpowder Pinhead Green Tea has much to offer those looking to break free from tradition.

Though again originating from the Zhejiang province and again adhering to traditional Gunpowder production methods, this beverage also consists of a unique flavour seldom found in any other Gunpowder Tea. Don’t believe us? Try it for yourself!

Black Gunpowder Tea

Black Gunpowder Tea

Finally, we have our Black Gunpowder Tea, arguably the ‘most’ unique of them all for obvious reasons! It is a notably rare and unusual Tea originating from the Fujian province of China, one sometimes given the nickname “Black Pearls”.

Unlike many modern Gunpowders, this Black Tea has the honour of being handcrafted to perfection. The word “perfect” also applies to its divine full-bodied taste with a magnificent fusion of smokey and flowery notes providing balance with every sip.